Even if you think are only facing a fine for a traffic violation, you may also be accumulating driver's license points which can raise your insurance premiums and result in a suspended license. Unless otherwise noted, all traffic citations carry a fine of $25 and a possible surcharge.

Careless Driving (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3714)

This offense is defined as driving a vehicle in careless disregard for the safety of persons or property. The penalty for a Careless Driving citation is a $25 fine and 3 driver's license points.

Reckless Driving (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3736)

This offense is defined as driving a vehicle in willful or wanton disregard for the safety of person or property. The penalty for a Reckless Driving citation is a $200 fine.

Turning Movements and Required Signals (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3334)

While on a roadway, no person shall turn a vehicle or move from one traffic lane to another or enter the traffic stream from a parked position unless and until the movement can be made with reasonable safety nor without giving an appropriate signal.

Driving Vehicle at Safe Speed (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3361)

No person shall drive a vehicle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions and having regard to the actual and potential hazards then existing, nor at a speed greater than will permit the driver to bring his vehicle to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead. This violation also results in 2 license points.

Maximum Speed Limits (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3362)

Violating posted speed limits - otherwise known as speeding. The penalty for violating Maximum Speed Limits depends on the the degree of the violation. There is a fine of $42.50 for violating a 65 mph speed limit and a $35 fine for violating any other speed limit. Further, a speed of greater than 5 mph over the limit is penalized by a $2 fine for each additional mile per hour over 5. There are also license points assessed for speeding:

  • 6-10 mph​over the limit - 2 points
  • 11-15 mph​over the limit - 3 points
  • 16-25 mph​over the limit - 4 points
  • 26-30​mph over the limit - 5 points
  • 31 mph and over​- 5 points and departmental hearing which may result in driver improvement school, license suspension and/or other sanctions

Exceeding Speed Limit in School Zone (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3365(b)

No person should drive a vehicle at a speed greater than 15 mph in a designated school zone. Speeding in a school zone is punishable by a $35 fine and 3 license points. The fine is increased by $2 per mile for every mile in excess of 20 mph except that a speed in excess of 26 mph can result in a fine of up to $500.

Racing on Highways (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3367)

No person shall drive a vehicle on a highway in any race, speed competition or contest, drag race of acceleration contest, test of physical endurance, exhibition of speed or acceleration, or for the purpose of making a speed record, and no person shall in any manner participate in any such race, competition, contest test or exhibition - Racing on Highways ​as a first offense is punishable by a mandatory fine of $200. However, a second or subsequent conviction results in a maximum possible sentence of 6 months of incarceration and a $1,000 fine.

Obedience to Traffic-Control Devices Warning of Hazardous Conditions (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3111.1)

No driver shall drive past, around or through a sign or traffic-control device closing a road or highway due to an existing or potentially hazardous condition. A violation results in a $250 fine and 2 license points.

Failure to Stop for Stop Sign (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3323(b))

In addition to a $25 fine, this violation also results in 3 license points.

Following too Closely (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3310)

The driver of a motor vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the speed of the vehicles and the traffic upon and the condition of the highway. In addition to a $25 fine, a Following too Closely ​violation also results in 3 license points.

Improper Passing (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3303)

The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same dcirection shall pass to the left of the other vehicle at a safe distance and shall stay to the left of the other vehicle until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle. The driver of an overtaken vehicle shall not increase the speed of his vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle and shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on suitable signal. A suitable signal is defined as an audible signal or the intermittent flashing of low and high beams. In addition to a $25 fine, an Improper Passing violation results in 3 license points.

Failure to Stop for School Bus (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 3345(a))

The driver of a vehicle meeting or overtaking any school bus stopped in a highway or trafficway shall stop at least 10 feet before reaching the school bus when the red signal lights on the school bus are flashing and the side stop signal arms are activated. The driver shall not proceed until the flashing red signal lights or no longer activated. The driver of a vehicle approaching an intersection at which a school bus is stopped shall stop his vehicle at that intersection until the flashing red signal lights are no longer activated. A Failure to Stop for School Bus​ violation results in a $250 fine, 5 license points and a 60 day license suspension.

Texting Violation (75 PA CS Sec. 3316)

No drive shall operate a motor vehicle while using a handheld device to send, read or write a text-based communication while the vehicle is in motion. It is not a violation when the person reads, selects or enters a telephone number or name in a handheld device for the purpose of activating or deactivating a voice communication or a telephone call. A texting violation is a summary offense and is punishable by a fine of $50.

Required Financial Responsibility (insurance) (75 Pa. C.S. Sec. 1786)

Any owner of a motor vehicle for which the existence of financial responsibility is a requirements for its legal operation shall not operate the motor vehicle or permit it to be operated upon a highway without the financial responsibility required. A Required Financial Responsibility violation results in a $300 fine. In addition, the registration of the vehicle operated without the required financial responsibility will be suspended for 3 months. Further, the driver's license of the owner or registrant will be suspended for 3 months if PennDot determines that the owner or registrant has operated or permitted the operation of the vehicle without the required financial responsibility.

You have 10 days to enter a plea for a traffic citation. If you plead "not guilty" a hearing will be scheduled in front of a Magisterial District Judge. A knowledgeable attorney may be able to negotiate a reduced penalty at your hearing. If you've been charged with a traffic violation, contact our Berks County traffic attorneys at 610-372-5128 or email us at info@enmlaw.com. We can help you protect your driving record.